Another Useful timeline that helped us complete the project

Significant Events from 1788- 1997

Timeline pasted from http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/publications/aboriginalguide/aboriginalguide-12.htm#P2981_164214

Pre-1788 Aboriginal people lived in Australia for many tens of thousands of years in a large number of tribal and language groupings. It has been estimated that there were about 600 Aboriginal tribes in Australia in 1788.
1788 Arrival of the First Fleet and first conflict between the newcomers and the original inhabitants
1788-1802 Pemulwuy leads a guerilla war against the British settlement
1815 Governor Macquarie founds the Native Institution as a school for Aboriginal children of both sexes
1816 Governor Macquarie institutes an annual meeting of tribes with feasting and the distribution of blankets
1824 First Legislative Council of New South Wales is constituted
1826 Missionary activity is subsidised. London Missionary Society and the Reverend L. E. Threlkeld at Lake Macquarie
1834 John Batman signs a treaty with the Aboriginal people of Port Phillip. The Government disallows the treaty on the grounds that the land belonged to the Crown
1838 Fiftieth Anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet
Bill for the Protection of Aborigines is drafted
Port Phillip Aborigines Protectorate is instituted
Waterloo Creek Massacre
Myall Creek Massacre
1839 An Act to allow the Aboriginal Natives of New South Wales to be received as competent Witnesses in Criminal Cases (30¼ Vic. No. 16)
1840 An Act to prohibit the Aboriginal Natives of New South Wales from having Fire Arms or Ammunition in their possession without the permission of a Magistrate (4¼ Vic. No. 8 )
1842 Native Police is formed
1843 The Legislative Council is reconstituted to include elected members
1849 Port Phillip Aborigines Protectorate is abolished
1856 Responsible Government is instituted in New South Wales with the establishment of the elected Legislative Assembly
1858 Secret ballot is introduced in New South Wales
1867 An Act to prohibit the supply of Intoxicating Liquors to the Aboriginal Natives of New South Wales (31¼ Vic. No. 16)
1880 Association for the Protection of Aborigines is formed
1881 State Children’s Relief Board is established giving the Government specific powers over children of any race
Government appoints a Protector of Aborigines (George Thornton MLC)
1883 Board for the Protection of Aborigines is created by the Government
1892 Aborigines Protection Association turns over the management of the Mission Stations to the Board (Cumeragunja, Warangesda, Maloga and Brewarrina)
1893 A Girls’ Dormitory is set up at Warangesda Station
1901 Commonwealth of Australia is established
1902 Women in New South Wales are granted the right to vote (excluding Aboriginal women)
1909 Aborigines Protection Act 1909 (No. 25) reconstitutes the Aborigines Protection Board. The Inspector-General of Police is now the Chairman.
1911 Cootamundra Girls’ Home opens
1914 Beginning of First World War. Approximately 400 to 500 Aboriginal people serve as enlisted soldiers. Aboriginal children continue to be removed from their families during the period 1914 to 1918, including children whose fathers are overseas at the War.
1915 Aborigines Protection Amending Act 1915 (No. 2) gives the Board the right to assume control of an Aboriginal child
1918 Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (No. 27) excludes Aboriginal people from being on the electoral roll or voting
Aborigines Protection (Amendment) Act 1918 (No. 7)
1924 Kinchela Boys’ Home at Kempsey opens
Australian Aboriginal Progressive Association (AAPA) is formed
1927 Australian Aboriginal Progressive Association (AAPA) delivers a petition on Aboriginal concerns to the Premier
1929 Compulsory voting is introduced in New South Wales. Aboriginal people are still excluded from voting under the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (No. 27).
1934 Australian Aboriginal League (AAL) is formed
1936 Aborigines Protection (Amendment) Act 1936 (No. 32) gives additional wide powers to the Board
Aborigines Progressive Association (APA) is formed
1937 The Legislative Assembly of the Parliament of New South Wales sets up a Select Committee on the Aborigines Protection Board
1938 Sesquicentenary of the arrival of the First Fleet
Day of Mourning and Protest
Committee for Aboriginal Citizens Rights is formed
Australian Abo Call: the voice of the Aborigine, the journal of the Aborigines Progressive Association (APA), is published from April
Public Service Board begins an Inquiry into the Aborigines Protection Board
1939 Beginning of Second World War. An estimated 3000 Aboriginal people and Islanders serve as formally enlisted soldiers, sailors or airmen. Aboriginal children continue to be removed from their families during the period 1939 to 1945, including children whose fathers are overseas at the War.
Cumeragunga strike
1940 Aborigines Protection (Amendment) Act 1940 (No. 12) reconstitutes the Aborigines Protection Board as the Aborigines Welfare Board. The Under Secretary of the Colonial Secretary’s Department is now the Chairman.
1941 Commonwealth Government extends child endowment benefits to all Aboriginal people who are not nomadic or supported by the Commonwealth or a State
1943 Aborigines Protection (Amendment) Act 1943 (No. 13) provides for the appointment of two Aboriginal people to the Board
1948 Under the Commonwealth Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 (No. 83) all Aborigines are now British subjects and Australian citizens
1951 Commonwealth Government calls a Native Welfare Conference with the States (Victoria and Tasmania do not attend). The Conference endorses the principle of assimilation.
1953 The Senate of the Commonwealth Parliament sets up a Select Committee on Aboriginal Voting Rights
1956 Aboriginal-Australian Fellowship (AAF) is formed
1957 Meeting organised by the Aboriginal Australian Fellowship at Sydney Town Hall launches campaign for a referendum to change the Australian constitution
1958 Victorian Aboriginal Advancement League (VAAL) is formed
Federal Council for Aboriginal Advancement (FCAA) is formed
1960 Aboriginal-Australian Fellowship (AAF) calls for full citizenship rights
1962 Commonwealth Electoral Act is amended so that all Aboriginal people may vote
1963 Aborigines Protection (Amendment) Act 1963 (No. 7)
1964 Federal Council for Aboriginal Advancement (FCAA) changes its name to the Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders (FCAATSI)
1965 Commonwealth – State Conference of Aboriginal Affairs Ministers endorses Assimilation Policy as national policy
Freedom Rides throughout northern New South Wales
The Parliament of New South Wales sets up a Joint Select Committee on Aborigines Welfare
1967 Commonwealth Referendum (27 May 1967) passes to change the Australian Constitution to remove the impediment to the Commonwealth Government making special laws with respect to Aboriginal people and to remove the impediments to counting Aboriginal people in the Census.
1969 Aborigines Act 1969 (No. 7) abolishes the Aborigines Welfare Board. All Aboriginal children under the care of the Board now become Wards of the State.
Directorate of Aboriginal Welfare is set up in the Department of Child Welfare and Social Welfare
1971 Aboriginal Flag is designed by Luritja artist Harold Thomas and flown for the first time in Adelaide
Commonwealth Government sets up the Ministry for Environment, Aborigines, and the Arts
Neville Bonner becomes the first Aboriginal Member of the Commonwealth Parliament as a Senator from Queensland
1972 Aboriginal Tent Embassy is set up on the lawns in front of Parliament House in Canberra
New Labor Commonwealth Government sets up the first separate Ministry and Department of Aboriginal Affairs
1973 Aborigines (Amendment) Act 1973 (No. 35)
An Aboriginal-elected National Aboriginal Conference is established to advise the Commonwealth Government on Aboriginal affairs
Commonwealth Government announces the Self Determination Policy for Aboriginal affairs
1975 Commonwealth Government takes over the functions of the New South Wales State Directorate of Aboriginal Welfare
Aboriginal Services Branch is created in the Department of Youth and Community Services
Title to Missions and Reserves in New South Wales is handed over to the Aboriginal Lands Trust
1976 Aboriginal Health Unit of the Department of Health is set up
1978 The Legislative Assembly of the Parliament of New South Wales sets up a Select Committee on Aborigines
1980 Link-Up (NSW) – an Aboriginal organisation formed to reunite and support Aboriginal people removed from their families – is established
1981 Aboriginal Advisory Board to the Housing Commission is established
1982 Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs (New South Wales) is established
1983 Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 (No. 42) revokes any dedication or reservation under the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 or the Western Lands Act 1901 pursuant to transfers of land to an Aboriginal Land Council
1987 Commonwealth Government sets up the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody
1988 Bicentenary of the arrival of the First Fleet
Office of Aboriginal Affairs established in the Premier’s Department
1990 Aboriginal Land Rights (Revival of Financial Provision) Act 1990 (No. 32)
1991 Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody reports
1992 `Mabo’ decision of the High Court recognises the concept of native title and overturns the doctrine of terra nullius (the notion that Australia was empty and owned by nobody until British settlement)
1993 Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs is re-established. It oversees the Office of Aboriginal Affairs and the NSW Aboriginal Land Council.
Commonwealth Native Title Act 1993 (No. 110)
1994 Native Title (New South Wales) Act 1994 (No. 45)
1995 Office of Aboriginal Affairs is abolished and the Department of Aboriginal Affairs is established
Aboriginal Land Rights Amendment Act 1995 (No. 39)
National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families commences
1996 `Wik’ decision of the High Court – leases granted by the Crown do not extinguish Aboriginal land rights
1997 Bringing Them Home: Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families
National Parks and Wildlife Amendment (Aboriginal Ownership) Act 1996 (No. 142) comes into effect, amending the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983. It establishes a Register of Aboriginal Owners by the Registrar, Aboriginal Land Rights Act.

 

 

©Group 3    9.1/9.2    2008

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